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Camellia cuspidata Veitch

Modern name

Camellia cuspidata (Kochs) Bean


Thea cuspidata Kochs

An evergreen bush 6 ft high, of erect, rather slender habit when young; young shoots glabrous. Leaves glabrous, narrow to broad elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, rounded or wedge-shaped at the base, tapered gradually to a long, slender apex; 118 to 313 in. long, 58 to 1 in. wide; finely and shallowly toothed (the teeth gland-tipped); polished, dark, sometimes purplish green above; paler and covered with minute dots beneath; stalks 18 to 16 in. long, hairy at the margins. Flowers solitary at the end of short twigs or in the leaf-axils; pure white, 112 in. across; pedicels 18 in. long with four bracteoles; calyx of five green triangular sepals 12 in. across. Stamens erect in a dense cluster, 58 in. long; anthers yellow. Bot. Mag., t. 9277.

Native of W. China; introduced by Wilson to Veitch’s Coombe Wood nursery in 1900. It is a bright-leaved hardy evergreen, with copper-tinted young leaves; it is not in the first rank as a flowering shrub, although quite pretty when well in flower. In cultivation it may reach a greater height than the 6 ft given in the description; Sir Giles Loder has it over 12 ft high at Leonardslee in Sussex, where it is quite hardy. There is a plant almost as large in the R.H.S. Garden at Wisley.

C. (cuspidata × saluenensis) ‘Cornish Snow’. – A very beautiful hybrid raised by J. C. Williams at Caerhays Castle, Cornwall. In general it resembles the former parent, but the flowers are larger and the white petals have a pink flush on the back. Other hybrids of the same parentage are in cultivation, ‘Michael’, also raised at Caerhays, being one of the best.

C. fraterna Hance – A near relative of C. cuspidata but easily distinguished by the shoots, pedicels, and calyx being densely villose. It comes from E. China and is not likely to be hardy in any but the most sheltered gardens.

Camellia cuspidata

Camellia cuspidata

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

† C. ‘Cornish Spring’. – A hybrid between C. cuspidata and a pink-flowered single cultivar of C. japonica, raised by Miss Carlyon at Tregrehan, Cornwall (1972). The flowers are single, light pink, about 134 in. wide, opening in March or April.

† C. ‘Spring Festival’. – A seedling of C. cuspidata raised in California, with small, pink, almost fully double flowers in late spring. Very narrow habit. It needs full sun.

C. fraterna – This species has been used by hybridists, one result being ‘Tiny Princess’, with small, semi-double flowers, white shaded pink. USA, 1961.



Other species in the genus