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Colletia armata Miers

Modern name

Colletia hystrix Clos


C. spinosa var. armata (Miers) Reiche; C. valdiviana Phil.

A deciduous shrub eventually 8 to 12 ft high, the younger parts consisting almost entirely of greyish-green, terete (i.e. circular in cross-section) spines which are usually distinctly downy and 12 to 112 in. long, very rigid and sharply pointed. Flowers waxy, produced in twos or threes on the spines, fragrant like hawthorn, white, tubular, 18 in. long, the five lobes recurved; anthers standing out visibly from the mouth of the flower. Leaves when present 18 to 12 in. long, not so wide, tapered at the base, often toothed, glabrous. Fruit composed of three united roundish capsules each 18 in. wide and carrying a single seed.

Native of S. Chile in the provinces of Valdivia and Llanquihue; introduced by Messrs Veitch between 1880 and 1884. It flowers between September and December. It is closely allied to C. spinosa Lam., which, taken in a broad sense, is a very polymorphic species of which C. armata might well be considered a variety. Typical C. spinosa does not appear to be in cultivation. C. armata very much resembles C. infausta in its bodkin-shaped spines, but that species has no down on the spines or elsewhere, its anthers are more hidden, and it flowers from March to June.

cv. ‘Rosea’. – Flowers pale rose, deeper in bud.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

This species has attained about 20 ft in height and breadth in a garden at Minehead, Somerset (Journ. R.H.S., Vol. 98 (1973), p. 28).



Other species in the genus