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Tilia maximowicziana Shirasawa

Modern name

Tilia maximowicziana Shiras.

A tree 70 to 100 ft high; young shoots downy. Leaves roundish ovate, 3 to 6 in. long, scarcely as wide; contracted at the apex to a short point, heart-shaped at the base, coarsely toothed, dark green and slightly downy above, covered beneath with grey stellate down, and furnished with conspicuous tufts in the axils of the veins; stalk 112 to 3 in. long. Flowers not seen in this country but described as being produced in clusters of ten to eighteen, the floral bracts 3 to 4 in. long, downy. Fruits 38 in. long, ribbed.

Native of Japan in Hokkaido and the northern part of the main island. It was introduced to Kew from the Arnold Arboretum in 1890, but this tree did not thrive and had not flowered by 1913. The present tree, planted in 1910, flowers freely in July and measures 55 × 414 ft (1967). The species is uncommon in Britain, and the only other sizeable example grows in the Thorp Perrow collection.

From other Asiatic species with the leaves tomentose beneath this differs in having tufts of brownish hairs in the leaf-axils.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

specimens: Kew, pl. 1910, two trees, the larger 63 × 5 ft (1986); Talbot Manor, Norf., pl. 1948, 33 × 212 ft (1978); Thorp Perrow, Bedale, Yorks., 66 × 334 ft (1970) and 36 × 112 ft (1981).

† var. yesoana (Nakai) Tatewaki T. miyabei var. yesoana Nakai – A less pubescent state, with the leaves green beneath; possibly only a juvenile form (Ohwi, Fl. Jap., p. 622). It is interesting in this connection that plants raised by H. J. Elwes at Colesbourne, received from Japan in 1905, had only traces of pubescence on the twigs and the underside of the leaves (Elwes & Henry, Tr. Gr. Brit., Vol. VII, p. 1684). If such a condition persisted, it could easily result in cultivated trees of T. maximowicziana being misidentified as some other species.



Other species in the genus