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Stuartia monadelpha Sieb. & Zucc.

Modern name

Stewartia monadelpha Siebold & Zucc.

A deciduous tree up to 70 ft high in the wild; bark smooth, peeling in small, thin flakes; young shoots hairy at first, slender. Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 112 to 3 in. long, 58 to 114 in. wide, rounded to widely cuneate at the base, the apex narrowed to a slender point, finely serrate, appressed downy beneath at first; stalk 12 in. or less long. Flowers white, 1 to 138 in. wide. Bracts two, persistent, oblong, longer than the calyx-lobes, which are ovate or deltoid and about 14 in. long. Petals spreading, silk-downy on the back. Stamens united at the base, with violet anthers. Fruits ovoid, beaked, about 38 in. long, covered with yellowish appressed hairs.

Native of S. Japan and of Quelpaert Island; introduced about 1903. Wilson found it abundant on the Island of Yakushima with a smooth pale trunk sometimes 3 ft in diameter, though in Japan proper, where it grows in the zone of beech forests, it is usually more slender. In gardens, where it is rare outside the larger collections, it makes a small tree with no outstanding qualities. The bark does not peel so freely as in S. sinensis and the flowers and fruits are the smallest in the genus.



Other species in the genus