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Azara integrifolia Ruiz & Pavon

Modern name

Azara integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

An evergreen bush or small tree ultimately 20 to 40 ft high; young shoots very downy. Leaves leathery, in apparent pairs or threes at each joint; the true leaves obovate, oval or somewhat diamond-shaped, usually toothless, bluntish or pointed, margins recurved; 1 to 2 in. long, 12 to 1 in. wide; glossy green, glabrous on both surfaces, veins raised on the under-surface; stalk 18 in. long, downy. The smaller ‘leaves’ (which are really leaf-like stipules) are rounder, 14 to 58 in. long, very shortly stalked. Flowers fragrant, produced from January to March in the leaf-axils of the previous summer’s shoots in shortly stalked, compact clusters 25 to 12 in. wide. The flower has no petals. Sepals four, 112 in. long, oblong, dark purplish outside, woolly inside; stamens 18 to 15 in. long, numerous, rich yellow with very dark anthers. Leaves on young plants are often slightly toothed. Berries globose, 14 in. wide, white stained with pale mauve. Bot. Mag., t. 9620.

Native of Chile and neighbouring parts of Argentina; introduced in 1832 and again by Comber in 1925. From other species this is well distinguished by its leaves being normally without teeth. The flowers are abundant, and their fragrance is pleasing, though not strong. The ultimate height attained in the wild is given by Reiche as 10 ft and by Comber as 15 ft, but at Rostrevor, Co. Down, there was a specimen 32 ft high in 1930. Comber’s form received an Award of Merit when shown from Nymans in 1934; the original plant no longer exists there, but a small replacement came through the winter of 1962-3 unharmed.

var. browneae (Phil.) Reiche A. browneae Phil. – This appears to differ chiefly from the type in the foliage. The largest leaves are up to 214 in. long by 114 in. wide, and the margins are often furnished with one to four teeth at each side towards the pointed apex. The leaves are of obovate outline, the lower part of the leaf very much tapered (cuneate). Native of the Cordilleras de Santiago; named in 1893 after Senora Marian Browne. It is rare, but is represented in the Glasnevin Botanic Garden by a specimen 6 ft high and 5 ft across.

cv. ‘Variegata’. – Leaves rather rounder than in the type, dark green in the centre, edged with pale pink that changes to creamy white; frequently toothed. Raised at Kew about 1870 and a good variegated shrub, no more tender than the type. There is an example in the National Trust garden at Overbecks, near Salcombe, Devon.



Other species in the genus