A modern reference to temperate woody plants, including updated content from this site and much new material, can be found at Trees and Shrubs Online.

Populus grandidentata Michx.

BIg-toothed aspen

Modern name

Populus grandidentata Michx.

A tree up to 60 or 70 ft high in the wild; young shoots at first downy, becoming glabrous and glossy later; winter-buds coated with fine down. Leaves roundish ovate, the smallest sometimes oval, 112 to 5 in. long, mostly short-pointed, and with a broadly tapered or rounded base, the margin set with large broad teeth; at first they are covered with a loose grey wool which soon falls away, leaving them dark green above; stalk 1 to 212 in. long, slender, compressed towards the top. Catkins 112 to 212 in. long, the female ones becoming twice the length at maturity.

Native of eastern N. America; introduced in 1772, according to Loudon. The tree is exceedingly rare in Britain at the present time, and does not appear to thrive well. It appears to be most closely related to P. tremula, from which it differs in the downy young shoots and more downy winter-buds. Its deep toothing distinguishes it from P. tremuloides. It appears to be difficult to increase by cuttings, and was usually grafted on P. canescens, but softwood cuttings can be rooted by the mist technique.

There is a specimen at Birr Castle, Co. Offaly, Eire, measuring 42 × 134 ft (1966). It was planted in 1958.

P. ‘pseudograndidentata’. – A weeping tree, propagated by grafting. Known since 1869, it was described by Dode in 1905 as a species – P. pseudograndidentata. The young shoots are covered with a whitish wool at first, and the leaves are similar in shape and toothing to those of P. tremula, but they are stouter in texture, 3 to 412 in. wide, not quite so long. It is of unknown origin and perhaps a hybrid between P. grandidentati and P. tremula. It is not the same as the P. grandidentata var. pendula of Loudon, which is based on reports of pendulous trees of P. grandidentata found in N. America. He added that a tree introduced to the garden of the Horticultural Society under this name was not in fact pendulous.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

specimens: Talbot Manor, Norfolk, grafted on P. tremula, pl. 1953, 30 × 234 ft (1978); Birr Castle, Co. Offaly, Eire, pl. 1958, 44 × 4 ft (1985).



Other species in the genus