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Acer griseum (Franch.) Pax

Modern name

Acer griseum (Franch.) Pax


Acer nikoense var. griseum Franch.

A deciduous tree, up to 45 ft so far in cultivation, with a peeling bark; branchlets woolly at first. Leaves composed of three leaflets on a downy stalk; terminal leaflet 2 to 212 in. long, half as wide, oval-lanceolate, with three to five pairs of coarse teeth, short-stalked; side leaflets smaller, oblique at the base, stalkless; all very glaucous beneath. Flowers few or solitary, on pendulous downy stalks 1 in. long. Fruit with very downy nutlets and wings; each key 114 in. long; wings 12 in. wide, the pairs forming an angle of 60° to 90°.

Native of Central China; introduced by Wilson for Messrs Veitch in 1901. Among the trifoliolate group of maples this is very distinct, because of the large blunt teeth on the leaflets. Its nearest ally is A. nikoense, but in this the leaflets are twice as large and scarcely toothed. It is the most striking of the trifoliolate maples, especially on account of its peeling bark, which hangs on the stem in large loose flakes, revealing the orange-coloured newer bark within; also for the fine autumnal red or orange of its leaves.

A. griseum has thrived in cultivation but seems to be at its best in southern England. The tree planted in woodland by the late Charles Eley at East Bergholt Place, Suffolk, and illustrated in his Twentieth Century Gardening, is now (1966) 45 × 214 ft; the slender bole, he wrote, ‘is as rigid as a column of steel’. At Hergest Croft, Heref., there is a tree about as high but larger in girth; this measured 43 × 514 ft in 1963. Specimens of over 30 ft are at Wakehurst Place, Sussex; Westonbirt and Abbotswood, Glos.; and Arley Castle, Worcs. The peeling bark is well shown in the group of many-stemmed trees at Hidcote, Glos. A. griseum grows well on chalk, as at Highdown near Worthing, where there is a tree 29 ft high, bought at the Veitch sale in 1912, as well as many seedlings from it. The best tree at Kew is 29 × 134 ft (1960).

A. griseum fruits freely but the seed has a very low germination rate – rarely more than 5% even when taken from a group of several trees – and there is no readily available stock on to which it might be grafted. Thus one of the most beautiful of all small trees has been rendered all too scarce in commerce.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

This species is figured in Bot. Mag., n.s., t.795.

With reference to the remarks in the last paragraph, seed from trees at Highdown has germinated well, and most of the young trees at Kew are from this source. But a good set of seed will not be obtained unless some of the male flowers are shedding their pollen at the time that the female flowers are receptive, and this is most likely to be the case when several trees are grown.

specimens: Kew, Maple Collection, 36 × 2 ft (1979) and, pl. 1928, 25 × 314 ft (1981); Leonardslee, Sussex, 41 × 5 ft (1984); Wakehurst Place, Sussex, on Lawn, 40 × 334 ft (1980); Hidcote Manor, Glos., 36 × 412 ft at 3 ft, 40 × 312 ft on an 8 ft bole, 36 × 434 ft at 1 ft (1984); Hergest Croft, Heref., the tree measured in 1963 is dead; Spetchley Park, Worcs., 30 × 314 ft (1985); Werrington Park, Cornwall, 34 × 3 ft (1977); East Bergholt Manor, Suffolk, 45 × 212 ft (1972); Dyffryn Gardens, near Cardiff, pl. 1911, 33 × 614 ft and 38 × 414 ft (1984); Roath Park, Cardiff, 31 × 334 ft (1979); Singleton Abbey, W. Glam., 26 × 314 ft (1982).



Other species in the genus