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Pinus virginiana Mill.

Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine

Modern name

Pinus virginiana Mill.


P. inops Soland.

A tree 30 to 50 ft high, but often of scrubby habit; bark scaly, young shoots covered with a vivid, pale, purplish bloom, smooth; winter-buds very resinous. Leaves in pairs, falling the third year, 112 to 3 in. long, twisted and curved; leaf-sheath persistent, 316 in. long. Cones 112 to 212 in. long, 1 to 114 in. wide at the base, conical, prickly.

Native of eastern N. America; introduced early in the 18th century or perhaps before. The brightly coloured, slender young shoots of this species distinguish it among pines with short leaves in pairs. P. echinata, with slender, glaucous shoots, has its leaves often in threes.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

There is a specimen of this pine in the R.H.S. Garden at Wisley, measuring 62 × 512 ft at 3 ft (1983), and a smaller one in the National Pinetum, Bedgebury, Kent.



Other species in the genus