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Quercus phillyreoides A. Gray

Modern name

Quercus phillyreoides A.Gray

A large evergreen shrub of rounded, bushy habit, or a small tree 20 to 30 ft high; young shoots clothed with starry scurf. Leaves leathery, obovate or oval, heart-shaped or rounded at the base, tapering at the apex to a blunt or rounded tip, shallowly and usually bluntly toothed at the upper half, 114 to 212 in. long, 34 t to 114 in. wide, bright dark green above and glabrous except on the midrib; paler and also glossy beneath; stalk 14 in. or less long, clothed with stellate scurfy down, which extends along the lower part of the midrib. Acorns 12 to 34 in. long, formed but rarely developed in this country.

Native of China and Japan; introduced in 1861 by Richard Oldham when collecting for Kew. The largest specimen at Kew is about 26 ft high and through – a handsome cheerful bush, well clothed to the ground with shining foliage. It is remarkable that this oak is not better known in gardens. From the rest of the evergreen oaks it can be distinguished by the bright green, nearly glabrous surfaces of its leaves, combined with an absence of spine-tipped teeth.

The specimen at Kew mentioned above measures 26 × 214 ft (1971) and is from the original introduction by Oldham. Another, in the Oak collection, was planted in 1908 and was probably raised from seeds collected by Wilson in China; it measures 23 × 214 ft (1972). There are smaller plants at Wakehurst Place and Westonbirt. On the Oldham tree at Kew, and on two of the Wakehurst specimens, the young foliage is bronze-tinted.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

specimens: Kew, original introduction by Oldham, by Ferneries, 26 × 214 ft (1971) and in Oak Collection (from Yokohama Nurseries and not from Wilson’s seeds as stated), 23 × 214 ft (1972).



Other species in the genus